May 03, 2020
On World Press Freedom Day (May 3), the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ), the South Asia Media Solidarity Network (SAMSN), and its affiliates launched the 18th edition of the South Asia Press Freedom Report – States of Control: Covid, Cuts and Impunity.
The report launch was held in a webinar hosted by the IFJ and UNESCO New Delhi on May 1, 2020.
The IFJ said: “The media had the task of reporting the growing humanitarian crisis, working in difficult circumstances and amidst unprecedented physical curbs due to lockdowns and restrictions, particularly in containment zones. The Covid-19 crisis has exacerbated existing fault lines in the precarious freedoms that the South Asian media has fought for and the most vulnerable are now taking the first beating.”
In India and Bangladesh, journalists came under fire while covering civil disturbances and protests. In Sri Lanka and Afghanistan, the fight for safe access to information continued amid tumultuous elections. In Nepal and Pakistan, the battle against a heavy legislative hand was waged. While in Bhutan and the Maldives, the challenge for the survival of a small but critical media was never so great.
Plummeting media revenues saw the mass shedding of more than 3,000 journalist jobs in Pakistan, too, while harsh online controls saw Kashmir take the mantle for the world’s most extended communication shutdown in a democracy.
In the period under review, the IFJ and its affiliates documented 219 violations against the media. This includes 52 jailings or detentions, 90 threats to the lives of journalists, 65 non-fatal attacks, 35 threats against media institutions, eight gender-based attacks, and 82 threats or attacks on rural, regional, or minority journalists.
The lack of safety for journalists over the last year, particularly noted by the increased controls during the Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted the existing inequalities and poor working conditions that exist for journalists in South Asia. However, as the report shows, amid Covid-19, cuts and controls, South Asia’s media and the unions and networks that defend it continue persevering, standing together in solidarity to disrupt authoritarian narratives.
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