July 16, 2019
KARACHI — Journalists held nationwide protests Tuesday to denounce rampant censorship, massive layoffs due to budget cuts and months-long delays in payments of their wages.
The rallies, dubbed Day of Protests, were spearheaded by the Pakistan Federal Union of Journalists, which said that journalists, who face the roughest phase in the country’s history, have decided to “fight the unprecedented censorship.”
Tuesday was only the “beginning of a protest movement,” said Afzal Butt, union president.
Journalists and press freedom advocates say that the Pakistani military is pressuring media outlets to quash critical coverage while the newly-elected government is slashing its advertising budget, squeezing a key source of revenue for private newspapers and TV stations.
In the last few months, hundreds of journalists have been laid off as media houses came under financial constraints after government advertising was drastically reduced.
At the rallies Tuesday, journalist wore black bands and held banners demanding an end to censorship, economic woes for those working in the media and abuse of media laws to curb free expression.
Authorities control “even minute details of the media content these days, and dictate who will be the face of print and electronic media,” Butt said.
There was no immediate comment from the government.
Zaffar Abbas, the editor of the leading Dawn daily which has faced increasing pressures, said Pakistani journalists had seen severe restrictions in the past, including shutting down of newspapers, imprisonment of journalists and direct censorship.
“But what we are witnessing today in the form of pressures from the state institutions ... news blackouts and self-censorship is far worse,” Abbas said.
Cyril Almeida, a prominent journalist, associated with Dawn, was charged with treason after he published an interview with Nawaz Sharif in which the former prime minister accused the Pakistani military of aiding the militants who carried out the 2008 Mumbai attacks.
Ashraf Khan, president of the union of journalists in Karachi, said authorities are using the country’s cybercrime law as a tool to crackdown on social media freedoms.
Authorities are also asking social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook to suspend accounts and take down pages for a variety of reasons, Khan said.
Abbas maintains these are among the worst of times for the media in the country.
“Unless journalists and owners of media outlets unite for a joint struggle, all the gains that were made during the last few decades will be lost,” he said. - AP/Photo courtesy: Aamir Sajjad Syed
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A study conducted by JournalismPakistan.com and Communications Research Strategies on the economic situation of slain journalists' families and journalists displaced due to security threats.