March 25, 2016
Two top Turkish journalists go on trial Friday accused of espionage and other serious crimes and facing possible life in prison over a story about Turkey's role in the Syrian conflict that infuriated strongman President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.
Can Dundar, editor-in-chief of the Cumhuriyet newspaper, and Erdem Gul, his Ankara bureau chief, are due in court in Istanbul on charges of revealing state secrets "for espionage purposes", seeking to "violently" overthrow the government and aiding an "armed terrorist organisation".
The pair have already spent three months in pre-trial detention over the story in the leading opposition newspaper in May, which accused the government of seeking to illicitly deliver arms to rebels in Syria.
The report sparked a furore, fuelling speculation about the government's role in the Syrian conflict and its alleged ties to Islamist groups in the country.
Erdogan personally warned Dundar he would "pay a heavy price" for the story.
Prosecutors have asked for the journalists to be sentenced to two life terms and 30 additional years.
On February 26, the journalists were released from prison to jubilant scenes after the Constitutional Court -- one of the last Turkish institutions that Erdogan does not have under his full control -- ruled their right to free speech had been violated.
Their release enraged Turkey's leader of the last 13 years, who declared he had "no respect" for the court decision, even threatening the bench with dissolution.
Dundar, 54, has vowed to turn his trial on its head by putting the authorities in the dock.
"We are not going to defend ourselves, we will put the crimes of the state on trial," he told a press conference this month.
On Friday, Dundar will publish a new book entitled "Tutuklandik" ("We Have Been Arrested"), in which he promises to reveal how the paper obtained the information about the Turkish weapons deliveries and took the decision to publish it.
The prosecution of the journalists has sparked outrage among opposition and rights groups in Turkey as well as in the West, where it is seen as proof of Erdogan's determination to silence his opponents.
"The trial of Dundar and Gul is a test for the state of law in Turkey," said Christophe Deloire, secretary general of press freedom group Reporters Without Borders (RSF).
"Their release was encouraging but things are only beginning now," he added. - AFP
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A study conducted by JournalismPakistan.com and Communications Research Strategies on the economic situation of slain journalists' families and journalists displaced due to security threats.